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Economic inequality among different racial groups in the United States

The average income of blacks and Latinos (measured as individuals) is less than half that of whites. The average income of black families has not risen in the last 25 years. In that same time, the gap between what a black family earns and what a white family earns has increased 9%. Although the majority of poor children are white, the probability that a black child is poor is three times higher than that of a white child. The level of unemployment of blacks is double that of whites.

The black middle class also suffers systematic discrimination. The level of unemployment for black graduates is double that of whites in the same category. Only 4% of lawyers between the ages of 35 and 39 are black, and they earn on average only 74% of what white lawyers earn.

This inequality extends to the hiring of teachers: in the United States, 85% of professors and 87% of teachers are white. In the university system of California, 2.5% of professors are black, 4.2% are Latino, 0.3% are Amerindians, 9.6% are Asian and 83.6% are white ( this in a university system that critics of affirmative action say has gone "too far"!)

The education system has inequalities at all levels. The children of rich families have the best schools and the poor children have schools that look more like prisons. In the past they legally segregated black children. Now they do the same thing in a more underhanded way: by allocating more funds to the mainly white districts, establishing private schools, and preparing a handful of privileged children for the positions of direction and authority (what they call "tracking").

In California, Latinos are 22% of the workforce, but they only have 8% of administrative positions and 6% of professional positions. By contrast, 58% of day laborers and 38% of service workers are Latinos.

According to an analysis of human rights (the human rights watch), racial and ethnic minorities continue to be disproportionately represented in the criminal justice system. Whites and African-Americans participate in drug-related offenses at roughly equivalent rates, and African-Americans account for about 13 percent of the US population; however, 33 percent of all those arrested for drugs in 2009 were African-American.

The black population makes up 77 percent of all young people sentenced to life imprisonment without parole. And for the first time in the history of the country, in 2011, people of Latin American origin constituted the majority of federal prisoners in the United States, as a result of a greater effort by the federal government to prosecute unauthorized immigrants.
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Economic inequality among different racial groups in the United States Reviewed by egonard on November 16, 2017 Rating: 5

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